How to Write An Abstract for a Research Paper: Important Thing To Know

Are you going to write a research paper... But confused about How to write an abstract for a Research Paper?  Don't Worry! Many students get confused while writing an abstract.

How to Write An Abstract for a Research Paper: Important Thing To Know

Are you going to write a research paper... But confused about How to write an abstract for a Research Paper

Don't Worry!

Many students get confused while writing an abstract.

Do you know an abstract is the most crucial section of your research paper? It is the first section that is read by journal editors when deciding whether to send your manuscript for review or not. 

Likewise, once your work is published, it is the first section examined by the readers. It is the only section of your manuscript that will ever be read. 

Thus, it is necessary to know how to write an abstract for a research paper to attract maximal attention to your research. 

However, in this blog, we will learn how to write an accurate and great abstract. But, initially, we discuss what an abstract is and what its purpose is.

Meaning and purpose of an Abstract

An abstract is a brief framework of your research paper. It is usually a paragraph that is of 6 or 7 sentences and 150-250 words long. A well-written abstract serves various purposes:

  • An abstract gives an overview of your paper or article to the readers. Through your abstract, readers decide whether to read the full paper or not. 
  • The abstract attracts your readers and grows a curiosity in them to read your whole paper.
  • And last, an abstract helps the readers to remember the key points from your paper.

So what you introduce in your abstract and in your title are essential for helping another researcher find your paper or article.

Moreover, If you are writing an abstract for a course paper, your professor may give you specific guidelines for including and organizing your abstract.

You Should Know

What kind of content to write in an abstract?

Following are the kinds of information observed in most abstracts:

  • the setting or background information for your research; and the particular subject of your research
  • the primary questions or statement of the problem your research addresses
  • what's already understood about this question, what prior research has done or shown
  • the main reasons, the necessity, the explanation, the goals for your research
  • Your investigation and analytical techniques
  • Your leading judgments, conclusions, or arguments
  • The significance or implications of your findings or opinions.

And in an abstract, you normally do not cite references. Most of your abstract will describe;

  • What you have studied in your research
  • What you have found
  • What you argue in your paper

Now let's discuss some tips for writing an abstract.


It will be a real challenge to summarize your whole paper only into hundred words. But it is the first part that people read first, so it is essential to get it right. Following are few strategies that will help you to write an abstract:

1.Decide which type of Abstract you want to write

All abstracts have the same primary purpose: to give the overall summary of your study. Although, there are two primary forms of abstract: Descriptive and Informative Abstract. Below is a concise description of the two:

  • Descriptive abstract: This abstract is 100 to 200 words in length. Descriptive abstract indicates the kind of information that is found in the paper. It explains the purpose, objective, and methods but ignores the results and conclusion.
  • Informative abstracts: It is generally a paragraph to one page in length. A trimmed version of your paper that summarizes every aspect of the study, including the results.

2.Read Other Abstracts

The best way to learn how to write an abstract is to read other people's abstracts. Thus, portray an abstract that will attract your readers and make them curious to read your paper. You can also check different abstract examples online. 

3.Research the abstract guidelines and requirements

Each publisher has unique demands when it comes to formatting and structure. Here are some common questions asked in a journal’s policies:

  • Is there a more or less word/character length?
  • What are the style and formatting demands?
  • What is the proper abstract type?
  • Is there any particular content or business rules that apply?

Therefore, knowing the requirements and guidelines help you to compose an accurate abstract. You can avoid your work being thrown in the “circular file” right off the bat if you follow the rules.

4.Focus on your research

The goal of the abstract is to describe the original concept of your research. So avoid discussing others’ work and do not include citations unless it is necessary. 

5.Write Simply and Concisely

A high-grade abstract is small but impactful. Thus, make sure every word counts. Every sentence should be clear. Avoid unnecessary filler words and words which are not familiar to your readers. 

6.Provide only relevant and valuable information

Your abstract should hold all the parts of your study to explain your research thoroughly. You mustn't mention the words and phrases that will confuse the readers. 

7.Use keywords to draw the attention of readers

The “keywords” section lists the most relevant terms shortly under the abstract. Your abstract keywords should be commonly used in searches. But it should also be significantly related to your work and found in the text of your abstract. Include 5-10 essential words or short phrases inside your research in the abstract and keywords sections.

8.Structure the Abstract

In Abstract, you should mention the following necessary things;

  • You should know the purpose of your paper. What are you trying to achieve? What idea made you do this study? Why did someone read your writing?
  • Be sure you have mentioned the problem you are addressing in your paper. 
  • Highlight your most important sources and briefly present the evidence to support your claim.
  • Give a summary of the results of your study. 
  • In the end, conclude your abstract. State the implications and limitations of your studies.

9.Do basic Revision

After completing your Abstract, read it carefully. If there is any mistake and any sentence that is hard to read, correct it. Make your Abstract simple so that your readers can easily read it. 


To conclude, now we have learned how to write an abstract for a research paper. It is like a movie trailer. It offers a preview, highlights key points, and helps the audience decide whether to view the entire work or not. So, write an accurate and precise abstract that will attract your readers. I hope this blog will help you.